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ASTR specialty is a biopsychosocial treatment model

1. Evaluating the effectiveness of treatment options for pain: Literature review

2. Advanced soft tissue release (ASTR) long-and short-short term treatment results for patients with neck pain (A retrospective cohort study)


11. Effects on sick-leave of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for chronic low back, neck or shoulder pain: comparison with usual treatment.

13. Biopsychosocial approaches to the treatment of chronic Pain.

32. The Influence of the Grade of Chronicity on the Outcome of Multidisciplinary Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain

35. Williams, Amanda et al: A biopsychosocial formulation of pain communication 

36. Liossi, Christina and Howard, Richard: Pediatric Chronic Pain: Biopsychosocial Assessment and Formulation

37. Mazic-de Sonis, Agnes: Acupuncture in the multimodal biopsychosocial pain management

38. Kikuchi, Shinichi: New concept for backache: biopsychosocial pain syndrome

39.   Hadjistavropoulos, Thomas et al: A biopsychosocial formulation of pain communication

40. Michalski, Dominik et al: Pain in patients with multiple sclerosis: a complex assessment including quantitative and qualitative measurements provides for a disease-related biopsychosocial pain model

41. Holm, Sara et al: How children and adolescents in primary care cope with pain and the biopsychosocial factors that correlate with pain-related disability

42. A systematic literature review of 10 years of research on sex/gender and experimental pain perception-Part 1: Are there really differences between women and men?

43. Neck Posture Clusters and Their Association with Biopsychosocial factors and neck pain in Australian Adolescents 

44. Pain: Biopsychosocial Mechanisms and Management 

45. Pain in multiple sclerosis: A biopsychosocial perspective 

46. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic low back pain: systematic review. 

47. Biopsychosocial functioning and pain self-efficacy in chronic low back pain patients. 

48. Association of Biopsychosocial Factors With Degree of Slump in Sitting Posture and Self-Report of Back Pain in Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study. 

49. Does Teaching Physical Therapists to Deliver a Biopsychosocial Treatment Program Result in Better Patient Outcomes? A Randomized Controlled Trial.